当前位置:首页 > 安卓源码 > 技术博客 >

Android Wifi热点 数据传输Socket 通信

时间:2019-05-15 10:57 来源:互联网 作者:源码搜藏 浏览: 收藏 挑错 推荐 打印

首先,描述下功能,两个手机,其中一个手机开热点,另外一个手机连接热点,2个手机间数据通信(不需要流量)。简述一下原理:开热点的手机相当于路由器,连接的手机作为客户端,获取路由器的IP建立Socket 连接,开始双方通信。 一、服务器端: 开热点的作为

首先,描述下功能,两个手机,其中一个手机开热点,另外一个手机连接热点,2个手机间数据通信(不需要流量)。简述一下原理:开热点的手机相当于路由器,连接的手机作为客户端,获取路由器的IP建立Socket 连接,开始双方通信。

Android Wifi热点 数据传输Socket 通信

Android Wifi热点 数据传输Socket 通信

一、服务器端:

开热点的作为服务器端

初始化数据:

    public static final int DEVICE_CONNECTING = 1;//有设备正在连接热点
    public static final int DEVICE_CONNECTED  = 2;//有设备连上热点
    public static final int SEND_MSG_SUCCSEE  = 3;//发送消息成功
    public static final int SEND_MSG_ERROR    = 4;//发送消息失败
    public static final int GET_MSG           = 6;//获取新消息
    private TextView      text_state;
    private WifiManager   wifiManager;
    /**
     * 连接线程
     */
    private ConnectThread connectThread;


    /**
     * 监听线程
     */
    private ListenerThread listenerThread;
    /**
     * 热点名称
     */
    private static final String WIFI_HOTSPOT_SSID = "TEST";
    /**
     * 端口号
     */
    private static final int    PORT  = 54321;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        findViewById(R.id.create_wifi).setOnClickListener(this);
        findViewById(R.id.close_wifi).setOnClickListener(this);
        findViewById(R.id.send).setOnClickListener(this);
        text_state = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.receive);


        wifiManager = (WifiManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
        /**
         * 先开启监听线程,在开启连接
         */
        listenerThread = new ListenerThread(PORT, handler);
        listenerThread.start();
        try {
Thread.sleep(1000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
        }
        //        开启连接线程
        new Thread(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
    try {
        Log.i("ip", "getWifiApIpAddress()" + getWifiApIpAddress());
        //本地路由开启通信
        String ip = getWifiApIpAddress();
        if (ip != null) {
        } else {
ip = "192.168.43.1";
        }
        Socket socket = new Socket(ip, PORT);
        connectThread = new ConnectThread(MainActivity.this, socket, handler);
        connectThread.start();

    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
    text_state.setText("创建通信失败");
}
        });

    }
}
        }).start();


    }

创建wifi 热点,之后开启Socket 监听线程

 /**
     * 创建Wifi热点
     */
    private void createWifiHotspot() {
        if (wifiManager.isWifiEnabled()) {
//如果wifi处于打开状态,则关闭wifi,
wifiManager.setWifiEnabled(false);
        }
        final WifiConfiguration config = new WifiConfiguration();
        config.SSID = WIFI_HOTSPOT_SSID;
        config.preSharedKey = "123456789";
        config.hiddenSSID = false;
        config.allowedAuthAlgorithms
    .set(WifiConfiguration.AuthAlgorithm.OPEN);//开放系统认证
        config.allowedGroupCiphers.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.TKIP);
        config.allowedKeyManagement.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.WPA_PSK);
        config.allowedPairwiseCiphers
    .set(WifiConfiguration.PairwiseCipher.TKIP);
        config.allowedGroupCiphers.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.CCMP);
        config.allowedPairwiseCiphers
    .set(WifiConfiguration.PairwiseCipher.CCMP);
        config.status = WifiConfiguration.Status.ENABLED;
        //通过反射调用设置热点

        //192.168.43.59
        //        Log.i("ip", "getWifiApIpAddress()" + getWifiApIpAddress() +
        //    "\n");
        try {
Method method = wifiManager.getClass().getMethod(
        "setWifiApEnabled", WifiConfiguration.class, Boolean.TYPE);
boolean enable = (Boolean) method.invoke(wifiManager, config, true);
if (enable) {
    text_state.setText("热点已开启 SSID:" + WIFI_HOTSPOT_SSID + " password:123456789");


    //        开启连接线程
    new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
try {
    Log.i("ip", "getWifiApIpAddress()" + getWifiApIpAddress()
    );
    String ip = getWifiApIpAddress();
    if (ip != null) {
    } else {
        //一般Android手机默认路由是
        ip = "192.168.43.1";
    }
    //本地路由开启通信
    Socket socket = new Socket(ip, PORT);
    connectThread = new ConnectThread(MainActivity.this, socket, handler);
    connectThread.start();


} catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
    runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
text_state.setText("创建通信失败");
        }
    });

}
        }
    }).start();
    Thread.sleep(1000);

    //    listenerThread = new ListenerThread(PORT, handler);
    //    listenerThread.start();
} else {
    text_state.setText("创建热点失败");
}
        } catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
text_state.setText("创建热点失败");
        }
    }

服务器端获取本地路由:

   public String getWifiApIpAddress() {
        try {
for (Enumeration<NetworkInterface> en = NetworkInterface
        .getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements(); ) {
    NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();
    if (intf.getName().contains("wlan")) {
        for (Enumeration<InetAddress> enumIpAddr = intf
    .getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements(); ) {
InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();
if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress()
        &amp;&amp; (inetAddress.getAddress().length == 4)) {
    Log.d("Main", inetAddress.getHostAddress());
    return inetAddress.getHostAddress();
}
        }
    }
}
        } catch (SocketException ex) {
Log.e("Main", ex.toString());
        }
        return null;
    }

关闭热点

 /**
     * 关闭WiFi热点
     */
    public void closeWifiHotspot() {
        try {
Method method = wifiManager.getClass().getMethod("getWifiApConfiguration");
method.setAccessible(true);
WifiConfiguration config = (WifiConfiguration) method.invoke(wifiManager);
Method method2 = wifiManager.getClass().getMethod("setWifiApEnabled", WifiConfiguration.class, boolean.class);
method2.invoke(wifiManager, config, false);
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
        }
        text_state.setText("热点已关闭");
    }

ListenerThread 监听线程

import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.util.Log;

import com.example.syhuang.wifiserver.MainActivity;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.ServerSocket;
import java.net.Socket;

/**
 * 监听线程
 * Created by syh on 2018/4/3
 */
public class ListenerThread extends Thread {

    private ServerSocket serverSocket = null;
    private Handler handler;
    private int     port;
    private Socket  socket;

    public ListenerThread(int port, Handler handler) {
        setName("ListenerThread");
        this.port = port;
        this.handler = handler;
        try {
serverSocket = new ServerSocket(port);//监听本机的12345端口
        } catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }


    @Override
    public void run() {
        while (true) {
try {
    Log.i("ListennerThread", "阻塞");
    //阻塞,等待设备连接
    if (serverSocket != null)
        socket = serverSocket.accept();
    Message message = Message.obtain();
    message.what = MainActivity.DEVICE_CONNECTING;
    handler.sendMessage(message);
} catch (IOException e) {
    Log.i("ListennerThread", "error:" + e.getMessage());
    e.printStackTrace();
}
        }
    }

    public Socket getSocket() {
        return socket;
    }
}

ConnectThread 连接线程

package com.example.syhuang.wifiserver.thread;

import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.util.Log;

import com.example.syhuang.wifiserver.MainActivity;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.text.DecimalFormat;

/**
 * 连接线程
 * Created by syhuang on 2018/4/3
 */
public class ConnectThread extends Thread {

    private final Socket       socket;
    private       Handler      handler;
    private       InputStream  inputStream;
    private       OutputStream outputStream;
    Context context;

    public ConnectThread(Context context, Socket socket, Handler handler) {
        setName("ConnectThread");
        Log.i("ConnectThread", "ConnectThread");
        this.socket = socket;
        this.handler = handler;
        this.context = context;
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
/*        if(activeConnect){
//socket.c
        }*/
        if (socket == null) {
return;
        }
        handler.sendEmptyMessage(MainActivity.DEVICE_CONNECTED);
        try {
//获取数据流
inputStream = socket.getInputStream();
outputStream = socket.getOutputStream();

byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
int bytes;
while (true) {

    //读取数据
    bytes = inputStream.read(buffer);
    if (bytes > 0) {
        final byte[] data = new byte[bytes];
        System.arraycopy(buffer, 0, data, 0, bytes);

        Message message = Message.obtain();
        message.what = MainActivity.GET_MSG;
        Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
        bundle.putString("MSG", new String(data));
        message.setData(bundle);
        handler.sendMessage(message);
    }
    //    DataInputStream dis = null;
    //    FileOutputStream fos = null;
    //    try {
    //        dis = new DataInputStream(inputStream);
    //
    //        // 文件名和长度
    //        String fileName = dis.readUTF();
    //        if (!fileName.equals("")) {
    //long fileLength = dis.readLong();
    //Log.i("ConnectThread", "======== 文件接收 [File Name:" + fileName + "] " +
    //        "[Size:" + getFormatFileSize(fileLength) + "] ========");
    //File directory = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/");
    //if (!directory.exists()) {
    //    directory.mkdir();
    //} else {
    //}
    //File file = new File(directory.getAbsolutePath() + File.separatorChar + fileName);
    //fos = new FileOutputStream(file);
    //
    //// 开始接收文件
    //byte[] bytesA = new byte[1024];
    //int length = 0;
    //int progress = 0;
    //while ((length = dis.read(bytesA, 0, bytesA.length)) != -1) {
    //    Log.i("ConnectThread", length + "...");
    //    fos.write(bytesA, 0, length);
    //    fos.flush();
    //    progress += length;
    //    Log.i("ConnectThread", "| " + (100 * progress / file.length()) + "% |");
    //}
    //Log.i("ConnectThread", "文件传输完成");
    //
    //Message message = Message.obtain();
    //message.what = MainActivity.GET_MSG;
    //Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
    //bundle.putString("MSG", new String("接收到文件:" + file.getAbsolutePath()));
    //message.setData(bundle);
    //handler.sendMessage(message);
    //        } else {
    ////读取数据
    //bytes = inputStream.read(buffer);
    //if (bytes > 0) {
    //    final byte[] data = new byte[bytes];
    //    System.arraycopy(buffer, 0, data, 0, bytes);
    //
    //
    //    Message message = Message.obtain();
    //    message.what = MainActivity.GET_MSG;
    //    Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
    //    bundle.putString("MSG", new String(data));
    //    message.setData(bundle);
    //    handler.sendMessage(message);
    //
    //    Log.i("ConnectThread", "读取到数据:" + new String(data));
    //}
    //        }


}
        } catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 格式化文件大小
     *
     * @param length
     * @return
     */
    private String getFormatFileSize(long length) {
        DecimalFormat df = new DecimalFormat("#0.0");
        double size = ((double) length) / (1 << 30);
        if (size >= 1) {
return df.format(size) + "GB";
        }
        size = ((double) length) / (1 << 20);
        if (size >= 1) {
return df.format(size) + "MB";
        }
        size = ((double) length) / (1 << 10);
        if (size >= 1) {
return df.format(size) + "KB";
        }
        return length + "B";
    }

    public static boolean copyFile(InputStream inputStream, OutputStream out) {
        byte buf[] = new byte[1024];
        int len;
        try {
while ((len = inputStream.read(buf)) != -1) {
    out.write(buf, 0, len);

}
out.close();
//inputStream.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {

return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * 发送数据
     */
    public void sendData(String msg) {
        Log.i("ConnectThread", "发送数据:" + (outputStream == null));
        if (outputStream != null) {
try {
    outputStream.write(msg.getBytes());
    Log.i("ConnectThread", "发送消息:" + msg);
    Message message = Message.obtain();
    message.what = MainActivity.SEND_MSG_SUCCSEE;
    Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
    bundle.putString("MSG", new String(msg));
    message.setData(bundle);
    handler.sendMessage(message);
} catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
    Message message = Message.obtain();
    message.what = MainActivity.SEND_MSG_ERROR;
    Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
    bundle.putString("MSG", new String(msg));
    message.setData(bundle);
    handler.sendMessage(message);
}
        }
    }

}

二、客户端

客户端连接到热点,代码差不多,初始化数据部分顺序不一样,先开启连接线程,在开启监听线程,获取路由器IP 地址有差别。其他基本一样。

wifi获取 已连接网络路由 路由ip地址

    /**
     * wifi获取 已连接网络路由  路由ip地址
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
    private static String getWifiRouteIPAddress(Context context) {
        WifiManager wifi_service = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
        DhcpInfo dhcpInfo = wifi_service.getDhcpInfo();
        //        WifiInfo wifiinfo = wifi_service.getConnectionInfo();
        //        System.out.println("Wifi info----->" + wifiinfo.getIpAddress());
        //        System.out.println("DHCP info gateway----->" + Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.gateway));
        //        System.out.println("DHCP info netmask----->" + Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.netmask));
        //DhcpInfo中的ipAddress是一个int型的变量,通过Formatter将其转化为字符串IP地址
        String routeIp = Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.gateway);
        Log.i("route ip", "wifi route ip:" + routeIp);

        return routeIp;
    }

初始化

 public static final int DEVICE_CONNECTING = 1;//有设备正在连接热点
    public static final int DEVICE_CONNECTED  = 2;//有设备连上热点
    public static final int SEND_MSG_SUCCSEE  = 3;//发送消息成功
    public static final int SEND_MSG_ERROR    = 4;//发送消息失败
    public static final int GET_MSG           = 6;//获取新消息

    private TextView      text_state;
    /**
     * 连接线程
     */
    private ConnectThread connectThread;


    /**
     * 监听线程
     */
    private ListenerThread listenerThread;

    /**
     * 热点名称
     */
    private static final String WIFI_HOTSPOT_SSID = "TEST";
    /**
     * 端口号
     */
    private static final int    PORT  = 54321;
    private WifiManager wifiManager;

    private TextView status_init;


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        findViewById(R.id.send).setOnClickListener(this);
        findViewById(R.id.connect).setOnClickListener(this);
        findViewById(R.id.fileButton).setOnClickListener(this);
        wifiManager = (WifiManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);

        //检查Wifi状态
        if (!wifiManager.isWifiEnabled())
wifiManager.setWifiEnabled(true);
        text_state = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.status_info);
        status_init = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.status_init);


        status_init.setText("已连接到:" + wifiManager.getConnectionInfo().getSSID() +
    "\nIP:" + getIp()
    + "\n路由:" + getWifiRouteIPAddress(MainActivity.this));

        //        initBroadcastReceiver();
        //        开启连接线程
        new Thread(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
    try {
        Socket socket = new Socket(getWifiRouteIPAddress(MainActivity.this), PORT);
        connectThread = new ConnectThread(socket, handler);
        connectThread.start();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
    text_state.setText("通信连接失败");
}
        });

    }
}
        }).start();


        listenerThread = new ListenerThread(PORT, handler);
        listenerThread.start();
    }

服务器和客户端Handler处理一样

  private Handler handler = new Handler() {
        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
switch (msg.what) {
    case DEVICE_CONNECTING:
        connectThread = new ConnectThread(listenerThread.getSocket(), handler);
        connectThread.start();
        break;
    case DEVICE_CONNECTED:
        text_state.setText("设备连接成功");
        break;
    case SEND_MSG_SUCCSEE:
        text_state.setText("发送消息成功:" + msg.getData().getString("MSG"));
        break;
    case SEND_MSG_ERROR:
        text_state.setText("发送消息失败:" + msg.getData().getString("MSG"));
        break;
    case GET_MSG:
        text_state.setText("收到消息:" + msg.getData().getString("MSG"));
        break;
}
        }
    };
Android Wifi热点 数据传输Socket 通信转载http://www.codesocang.com/appboke/40023.html
标签:网站源码